Path: Visitors, tour the museum/ Wallachia


About the region of Wallachia

Something about the region which is called Wallachia, in the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy Mountains

The region is called Wallachia and the people are called Wallachians (Valaši). This fact has only recently come to light as modern day scholars have now agreed on this group of people and their migratory routes from southern Romania. Some scholars pointed to the existence of the principality of Wallachia in Romania, found several Romanian words in the Wallachian dialect and traced methods of sheep breeding in the mountains paralel to those in Wallachia, others argued on the basis of the settlement of the region, considering the language and specific features of the Wallachian culture to be a Slav archaism.

The first settlers of present-day Wallachia made their homes in the river valleys. This happened mainly in the 13th and 14th centuries. Peasants of Slavic ethnic found their new home there, though Rožnov was founded in 1267 by the Olomouc Bishop Bruno of Schaumburg. He was German and founded many other villages.

In the 16th century, we meet other people in the Moravian mountains near the Slovakian border. They did not come from the fertile valleys but from the neighbouring Carpathian ranges. During the „Wallachian colonization" they brought numerous flocks of shaggy wool sheep which were able to stand the rough mountain climate very well, in addition a very tasty cheese was made of their milk, called Wallachian Parmesan according to the records of the 16th century bishop´s court. These new settlers were known throughout the Carpathians as Wallachians. They were mixed very soon with the native people. They had a marked influence on the way of life, culture and language, contributed to a decisive measure to the specific folk culture of this region of east Moravia which finally was named after them.

Thus one common sort of Carpathian mountain-dwellers was originated. Their dialect influenced for instance terminology of sheep breeding, the names of the mountains and so on.


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